When the ship was first launched in 2364, the Enterprise-D featured an unprecedented level of automation. Because of this, the bridge was an ample and comfortable room with relatively few control stations.
The center of the room featured a command area, where the Captain’s chair sat flanked by that of the XO and a specialist (on the Enterprise-D, this seat was usually taken by ship’s counselor Deanna Troi). Directly behind the command area was the tactical console on an elegant wooden arch. The front of the bridge contained two forward-facing consoles: flight control and operations. The very back of the bridge featured additional consoles that, due to the aforementioned heavy level of automation on board, could remain empty during standard flight. These consoles were, clockwise: science I, science II, propulsion sys, emergency manual override, and environment.
(You can read up on the research done onto the changes to the set during the 7 seasons of TNG and ‘Generations’ here: http://www.ex-astris-scientia.org/inconsistencies/enterprise-d-bridge.htm)